Download PDF by Shelley Pennington: A Hidden Workforce: Homeworkers in England, 1850–1985

By Shelley Pennington

ISBN-10: 0333432975

ISBN-13: 9780333432976

ISBN-10: 1349198544

ISBN-13: 9781349198542

Homeworkers tend to be girls who paintings of their personal houses for an outdoor enterprise and are paid on a one-piece foundation. The paintings is mostly unskilled and of a monotonous and repetitive nature. the industrial prestige of the homeworker has little or not anything in universal with the self reliant craftsman operating in his own residence ahead of the onset of industrialization; homeworkers paintings with out supervision and feature no genuine touch with their employers or sub-contractors other than whilst amassing or returning paintings. This quantity is an research of the commercial and social place of the predominantly woman labour strength of the homework industries from 1850 to 1985. The textual content examines adjustments that experience happened within the composition of the labour strength, the choices open to ladies and the kinds and geographical place of homework. The authors significantly evaluation makes an attempt to enhance the location of homeworkers and touch upon the clients for homeworking sooner or later.

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Additional resources for A Hidden Workforce: Homeworkers in England, 1850–1985

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As the work could be kept a secret, or at the very worst was 'only a bit of sewing', and therefore quite respectable, it would not have impaired their marriage chances. Widowhood was one of the major causes of poverty in Victorian and Edwardian society. The wife of a clerk or clergyman might be the very essence of respectability but the death of the husband could transform her position overnight. Although these families could be fairly comfortable while the husband was alive, his wages were seldom high enough to allow savings.

From the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries the domestic system of manufacture predominated in England and the clothing and textile industries were almost totally reliant on outworkers, weaving and spinning being the major outwork proccesses. In general, weaving was the work of men who worked in their own homes. Spinning, on the other hand, was predominantly the work of women and was a true 'cottage industry'. The spinners were most often sweated labourers working on materials given out by the employer.

She was only 39 when she was left with us three. No help in them days. She used to go to work from 9 till 12 for 9d. - go out charring. She used to get up at 5 o'clock in the morning and do some work - washing. Leave off and get to work by 9 come at one. . That was hard work in them days and bad pay. Single working-class women made up a substantial section of the homework labour force, but especially in the rural districts where little or no alternative employment was available. A home industry such as straw plaiting, glovemaking or lace-making would commonly be preferable to residential domestic service which often meant leaving one's family, friends and community.

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A Hidden Workforce: Homeworkers in England, 1850–1985 by Shelley Pennington


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