Read e-book online A tapestry of values: an introduction to values in science PDF

By Kevin C. Elliott

ISBN-10: 0190260807

ISBN-13: 9780190260804

ISBN-10: 0190260815

ISBN-13: 9780190260811

The position of values in clinical examine has turn into a major subject of dialogue in either scholarly and renowned debates. Pundits around the political spectrum fear that learn on subject matters like weather switch, evolutionary concept, vaccine safeguard, and genetically transformed meals has develop into overly politicized. whilst, it really is transparent that values play a tremendous function in technological know-how via restricting unethical types of study and through figuring out what components of study have the best relevance for society. determining find out how to distinguish valid and illegitimate affects of values in medical examine is an issue of important importance.
Recently, philosophers of technological know-how have written very much in this subject, yet so much in their paintings has been directed towards a scholarly viewers. This publication makes the modern philosophical literature on technological know-how and values obtainable to a large readership. It examines case reports from various learn parts, together with weather technology, anthropology, chemical possibility evaluation, ecology, neurobiology, biomedical study, and agriculture. those circumstances express that values have useful roles to play in deciding on examine issues, deciding on study questions, making a choice on the goals of inquiry, responding to uncertainty, and determining the right way to speak info.
Kevin Elliott focuses not only on describing roles for values but in addition on deciding on whilst their affects are literally acceptable. He emphasizes numerous stipulations for incorporating values in a valid model, and highlights a number of suggestions for fostering engagement among stakeholders in order that worth affects will be subjected to cautious and demanding scrutiny.

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In particular, we need to explore ways to foster transparency, A n I n t r o d u c t i o n t o Va l u e s i n S c i e n c e [ 15 ] 16 representativeness, and engagement in scientific practice. Fortunately, in the following chapters we will encounter many strategies for meeting these conditions. Some of the most intriguing strategies involve efforts to foster interdisciplinary collaborations between scientists and other scholars with diverse perspectives, as well as efforts to link scientists with community members who have a stake in their research.

Perhaps some people value keeping women and members of other traditionally disadvantaged groups from gaining further social opportunities. But this is likely to be a fairly atypical value, and there are good ethical reasons for arguing against it. The vast majority of people across the political spectrum want to promote at least some form of equality of opportunity for everyone, and it is very difficult to justify unequal opportunity from an ethical perspective. Unfortunately, we have seen that the historical biases in our society make research into cognitive differences more likely to inhibit equal opportunity than to promote it.

The notion that scientific reasoning should be value-​free is often based on the worry that allowing values to influence science will result in wishful thinking. But we will see that this is not the case; we can acknowledge important roles for values in scientific reasoning while insisting that it is unacceptable to draw conclusions just because one wants them to be true. Therefore, we need a different strategy for deciding when values have a legitimate role to play in scientific practice; we cannot merely point to examples where values have in fact influenced scientists.

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A tapestry of values: an introduction to values in science by Kevin C. Elliott


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