Download PDF by Alexander Rainy Maclean Murray: An Introduction to Political Philosophy

By Alexander Rainy Maclean Murray

ISBN-10: 0203851684

ISBN-13: 9780203851685

ISBN-10: 041557921X

ISBN-13: 9780415579216

ISBN-10: 0415579325

ISBN-13: 9780415579322

First released in 1953, this seminal advent to political philosophy is meant for either the scholar of political thought and for the final reader. After an creation and is the reason the character and goal of philosophy, Dr Murray presents a serious exam of the main theories complex by means of political philosophers from Plato to Marx, paying specific consciousness to modern concerns. The booklet additionally attempts to outline the fundamental problems with philosophical importance in modern politics, with designated connection with the clash among political authority and person rights, and to teach how the various ethical assumptions underlying authoritarian and democratic platforms of presidency are finally dependent upon various theories of common sense.

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Steps must also be taken to minimize the temptations which might deflect themfromthe path of duty thus revealed. Of such temptations Plato regards those which arise from personal interests or possessions as the most dangerous. Hence the rulers of the Ideal State must live without private property or money and receive the essentials of life as an allowance from the state. They must likewise be deprived of normal family life and live together like soldiers in a camp, since otherwise they might be tempted to put the interests of their wives and families before the good of the community.

Thus the theory attempts to explain political obligation, like moral obligation generally, wholly in terms of self-interest In so doing it explains morality away, perhaps less obviously than the theory of Thrasymachus, but not less completely. Plato s Theory of the Three Classes The theory described by Glaucon and Adeimantus provides the starting point for the development of Socrates' own positive views about the nature of justice. He sees no way of refuting the doctrine directly, but is confident that its inadequacy will become apparent when it is contrasted with the positive views which he is about to develop.

For the next twelve years he was fully occupied by his work in the Lyceum, and he gradually developed a teaching tradition of his own, departing from the Platonic tradition of the Academy by making biology and history, instead of mathematics, the primary subjects of study The Politics, like Aristotle's other works, takes the form of a treatise, not a dialogue, and its style is quite different from that of Plato's dialogues. This is explained by the fact that, while Plato's lecture notes have been lost, many of his books have come down to us.

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An Introduction to Political Philosophy by Alexander Rainy Maclean Murray

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